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What Are The Bruises Symptoms And Causes?

There are many reasons why a person gets a bruise. A bruise is often superficial and may need no treatment at all but some bruises that are caused by a severe blow to the body part, may need medical intervention and treatment. Here are some common and not so common causes of bruises:

1     Bruises are often caused by anything that bumps onto skin or when a person bumps into things as well. Blunt objects usually cause minor bruises while pointed objects may cause deeper tissue damage and may even tear skin and tissues apart.

2     Athletes and people who exercise rigorously may get bruises. Small blood vessels tear and spill blood and blood products into adjoining tissues causing a bruise. Even a microscopic tear may cause a severe bruise.

3     Old people may bruise easily; even a slight bump on aged skin may result to a severe bump. Old skin has lost its elasticity and health plus blood vessels have become thinner and more fragile than ever.  This makes old people very prone to bruising and injury.

4     There are unexplained bruises that may just appear out of nowhere. These are often the result of an undiagnosed bleeding disorder, chronic inflammatory diseases, liver diseases or cancer. Infection or toxins in the blood may also cause bruises to appear.

5     Taking medications that thin the blood and affect the coagulation time of blood may also cause bruises.

6     Malnutrition and deficiency of vitamins C, K and B12 often results to bruises.

Bruises may have several hallmark symptoms. Learning the common symptoms of bruises may help determine if it is necessary to seek medical help at once.

•     Within the initial 30 minutes after an injury a bruise often appears as a red spot on the skin. It may turn from a bluish hue to a dark purplish color after several hours. As the bruise heals and ages, it turns yellow or greenish in color.

•     Bruises are usually painful for a couple of days and the individual may feel pain when moving or touching the affected part.

•     Bruises with an accompanying immobility after the initial 30 minutes of the injury must be assessed immediately by medical personnel. First aid must also be applied at once.

•     Bruises may also swell accompanied by pain. The deeper the trauma to the area the more likely swelling may appear.

•     Unexplained bruising may be seen as painful and discolored area of the skin. It is important to seek medical help for any signs of unexplained bruises.

•     A person may be seen protecting and limiting movement of a particular area that has suffered a bruise. Severe type of bruises must also be immobilized to prevent further damage to adjoining tissues, muscles or bone.

•     Minor bruises are warm to the touch because of the natural response of the body to increase blood flow to the affected area. Sometimes severe bruises and injuries may also cause low grade to moderate fever.